Exhibitor List

2016 Christmas Market Exhibitors

This year we have over 100 chalets at our Christmas Market! The majority of the traders are with us for the whole duration, with some only joining us for the first or second half of the market. Illustrated below are the times for each half.

1st half: 18th November to 2nd December.

2nd half: 3rd December to 20th December.

 

1 Pollyfields
www.pollyfields.co.uk
01271 858 804
Lovingly handcrafted bespoke botanical fruit wreaths, Christmas tree decorations, scented candles and potpourri.

2 Just stars
www.juststars.eu
+49(0)3078 333 236 / +49(0) 17632 556 120
Illuminated and handmade paper stars offered in a huge variety of models and colours.

3 Glover and Smith
www.gloverandsmith.co.uk
01722 741 096 / 07787 896 111
Handmade silverware and jewellery inspired by the flora and fauna of the British countryside.

4 Stephen Lees Original Contemporary Art Ltd
www.stephenleescontemporaryart.com
01202 826 996 / 07979 351 802
Contemporary interpretations of British seascapes, coastal landscapes and cityscapes with a vibrant use of acrylics.

5 Tinklertastic
www.tinklertastic.co.uk
07762 928 771
Unique fused glass jewellery, Christmas decorations and contemporary art glass, handcrafted in Winchester.

6 Sundari Ltd
www.sundarijewellery.co.uk
01353 698 857 / 07773 615 535
Unique semi-precious stones handcrafted into exquisite silver jewellery pieces.

7 London Union
www.londonunion.co.uk
07735 340 030
High quality faux fur headbands, capes, coats, gilets and Christmas tunics.

8 Wild Wool
www.welovewildwool.com
01803 862 791 / 07723 325 547
British made organic cotton socks, cashmere jumpers, wools throws, wide shawls and scarves.

9 Annabel Chaffer Collection
www.annabelchaffer.co.uk
08707 300 888 / 07519 156 903
British made goods in silver, silver plate, pewter, bronze, leather, wool, silk and other accessories.

10 Cinnamon
cinnamondebs@yahoo.co.uk
07929 427 235
Beautifully made Italian cashmere and silk blend ponchos, wraps and jumpers, all in contemporary and classic styles.

11 Cashmeres of Scotland
www.cashmeres-of-scotland.co
01835 863 306 / 07843 349 768
Scarves, gloves, hats and headbands, all available in cashmere, lambswool and merino, plus a new range of lambswool throws.

12 Pure Wool Slippers
www.facebook.com/purewoolslippers.com
purewoolslippers@gmail.com
Sustainable, renewable, natural, breathable, eco-conscious, itch-free and smell-free merino wool slippers.

13 The Old Vine
www.oldvinewinchester.com
01962 854 616 / 07932 856 774
Traditional Christmas fayre, including mulled wine, hot chocolate, warm mince pies, cakes and festive chocolates.

14 Alpaca Sol
www.alpacasol.com
07979 156 767
A charming range of handmade alpaca knitwear, including socks, scarves and beanies.

15 Ladies Love (1st half)
sally.cooney@hotmail.co.uk
01489 579 613 / 07725 359 468
Italian clothing and accessories of boutique styling ranging from ponchos, handbags, gloves and scarves.

15 Makki (2nd half)
www.makki.co.uk
07855 277 159
High quality and soft eel leather handbags, clutch bags, wallets and purses.

16 Peak and Brim Hats
www.peakandbrimhats.com
07763 337 741
Designer British hats and accessories made for town and country.

17 KCCrystals
www.kccrystals.biz
01202 873 126 / 07921 048 766
British handcrafted gemstone jewellery with a unique flair ranging from, bangles, bracelets, earrings, necklaces and watches.

18 Selborne Pottery
www.selbornepottery.co.uk
01420 511 413 / 07798 530 511
A large range of hand thrown and decorated domestic stoneware and artist print cards.

19 Steve Wilson Weaving
www.stevewilsonweaving.com
07989 539 010
Luxurious woven cashmere scarves, wraps, ponchos and smaller accessories, including mohair throws and cushions.

20 Douglas Haddow Watercolours
douglashaddow@talktalk.net
02083 601 486 / 07710 430 373
Original watercolour paintings of vibrant colours with serene disposition, and printed greetings cards.

21 Glass Reform (1st half)
www.glassreform.co.uk
01271 267 110 / 07833 232 225
Beautifully transformed glassware products ranging from drinkware, barware and home accessories, all recycled from bottles.

21 AnnaFalcke (2nd half)
www.annafalcke.com
01179 049 698
A British handmade collection of super soft, practical and contemporary pleated scarves and accessories.

22 Melanie Bartlett (1st half)
melaniebartlett@hotmail.co.uk
07966 772 913
Handbound leather notebooks, hand designed Christmas cards, one-off original calligraphy and gemstone jewellery.

23 Winchester Soap Company (1st half)
www.winchestersoapcompany.co.uk
07582 225 180
Natural and earth-friendly handcrafted artisan soaps, bathing salts and botanical gifts.

23 Sally Wilcox Jewellery (2nd half)
www.sallywilcox.co.uk
07854 865 855
Beautifully handmade silver floral jewellery, including earrings, bracelets, necklaces, brooches and pearls hand strung with silk.

24 Lumina Jewellery (1st half)
www.luminajewellery.com
07894 336 917
Sterling silver jewellery with handpicked gemstones, ranging from earrings, rings, bracelets, necklaces and cufflinks.

24 Tweedy Clothing and NakedEdge Life (2nd)
cacey@nakededgelife.com
Handmade healing gemstone jewellery,  beautiful woollen ponchos, silk skirts and a range of unique gentlemen wear e.g. bowler hats, bowties and waistcoats.

25 Rhian John Paintings (1st half)
www.RhianJohn.com
07827 966 811
Winchester artist selling colourful paintings to make you smile! Floral landscapes, seascapes and animals. Canvas prints, framed prints, cushions and cards.

25 The Leatherworker (2nd half)
www.theleatherworker.com
01217 784 254 / 07778 374 683
Authentic hand-made leather goods including custom made solid leather belts, handbags and traditional beer tankards.

26 Churches Together Mission Chalet

27 Saint Elizabeth Convent
www.obitel-minsk.by
+375 1733 53 089
Russian handmade Christmas decorations, glass souvenirs, ceramic pottery and painted traditional Russian dolls.

28 The Jewellery Stop
www.thejewellerystop.com
01214 444 449
A kaleidoscopic and contemporary range of design-led resin jewellery and lively array of scarves.

29 Maiden Dorset
www.maidendorset.co.uk
01305 458 688 / 07896 607 556
Creators of the Curve Candle, their candles are handmade in Dorset with elegant designs and beautiful fragrances.

30 Potnotch
www.potnotch.co.uk
A creative twist on hanging baskets made from birch to fit almost any terracotta pot.

31 Linda Rowe Glass (1st half)
www.Lindarowe.co.uk
07752 952 852
Individual glass gifts, handmade by Artist Designer Linda Rowe. Quirky Christmas decorations, eye-catching homeware and glass jewellery.

32 Eve-Vin Creations (1st half)
www.evevincreations.co.uk
07500 590 009
Personalised gifts including, Christmas decorations, wreaths, box frames, jugs, flower displays and hanging decorations.

31 Cstar Design (2nd half)
www.cstardesign.co.uk
07834 725 566
Handmade and originally designed fused glass art and functional ware.

32 Pegasus Design (2nd half)
sametcolak@gmail.com
07450 470 863
Handmade ceramic lighthouse candle holders, wooden indoor signs and fridge magnets.

33 Ellie & Bea (1st half)
www.ellieandbea.co.uk
01420 221 138 / 07908 711 820
Quirky sterling silver jewellery inspired by nature.

33 Cristiane Fischer Jewellery (2nd half)
www.facebook.com/cristianefischerjewellerypage
0044 (0)754 034 6460
Handcrafted sterling silver and semi-precious stone jewellery, natural fossils and crystals.

34 Claire Tarling (1st half)
www.clairetarling.com
02381 782 702 / 07763 729 128
Watercolour paintings, prints and greeting cards created on a whimsical wildlife theme.

34 Ash & Holly (2nd half)
www.ashandholly.com
07474 050 202
Locally handmade unique wooden boxes, coasters and decorations.

35 Koru Arts
www.koruarts.co.uk
07447 406 426
Contemporary fused glass and traditionally hand painted wall lights, coasters, Christmas decorations and candle holders.

36 Blissimore Designs (1st half)
www.blissimoredesigns.com
01264 351 515 / 07909 535 262
Handmade dichroic glass jewellery.

36 Twinkling Hearts Jewellery (2nd half)
www.twinklinghearts.co.uk
07902 107 317
Handcrafted beaded and wirework jewellery featuring earrings, pendants, bracelets, charms and more.

37 Board n Bread
www.boardnbread.co.uk
07775 862 442
Solid oak handcrafted into cutting boards, cheese boards and serving platters. All made from recycled timber.

38 Apple Box
www.originalapplebox.co.uk
01386 323 767 / 07850 313 329
Beautiful handmade rustic gifts and decorations for home and garden.

39 Matico
matico@matico.co.uk
01373 762 062 / 07792 081 659
Funky and Fun animal themed children’s knitwear and luxurious soft alpaca fur accessories for ladies.

40 Wild at Heart
www.bewildatheart.co.uk
01684 592 921 / 07941 805 863
Elegant wool felt hats for ladies and gents with individual designs including cloche and period styles.

41 Debussie Boutique
joannaayres@AOL.co.uk
07887 795 998
Lovely boutique specialising in quality Italian, French and Nepalese clothing, including jackets, tops, cashmere ponchos, scarves and costume jewellery.

42 POM
www.pom925.com
01225 777 749 / 07815 776 701
Beautiful and unique scarves in fine wool, silk, cotton and viscose. All hand screen printed.

43 (Maddy Wait) It’s my Bag!
www.itsmybagonline.co.uk
07747 162 811
A stunning selection of British and Italian leather handbags, purses and wallets and wool pashminas.

44 Silver and Sand
www.silverandsand.co.uk
01271 867 140 / 07713 915 411
Contemporary and affordable high quality silver jewellery for women and girls.

45 Burrow & Hide
www.burrowandhide.com
07793 034 306
High quality and eco-friendly British sheepskin, cowhides and Scandinavian reindeer hides with additional clothing and homeware.

46 Maya Crafts (1st half)
www.mayacrafts.co.uk
07521 976 748
Unique hand-woven Yak wool scarves, shawls and throws from the Himalayas of Nepal.

46 Huki Ocean ( 2nd half)
www.hukiocean.com
07986 045 679
100% cotton & bamboo towels with amazing versatility. Beautiful colourful gifts for the whole family.

47 Bergs Designs
info@bergsinternational.com
07947 214 461
Fashionable and high quality bags, purses and wallets for men and women.

48 Tumi Crafts (1st half)
www.tumicrafts.com
sales@tumijewellery.co.uk
Handmade and Fairtrade jewellery from Latin America, animal plaques made from recycled tin, ‘grown your own’ clay figures and hand knitted finger puppets.

48 Garden Art and Design (2nd half)
www.gardenartanddesign.com
07956 203 148
Home and garden furniture, sculptures for gifts and Christmas decorations.

49 Lorem
www.loremcare.co.uk
0845 62 56736 / 07823 443 899
A selection of bath bombs and shower products for gift packs and emu oil products for pain relief.

50 Smoothie Candles
www.smoothiecandles.com
07871 034 465
Handmade and freshly fragranced British candles with an impressive 40-hour minimum burn time.

51 Let it snow
info@lovelysnow.co.uk
07435923376
Instant snow powder that expands after adding water, it feels and looks like real snow!

52 Vintage Collection Trade (1st half)
www.nostalgic-designs.com
07554 567 112 / 07941 727 808
Original rusty tin signs and nostalgic collectable windup tin toys.

52 Wood Like to Play ( 2nd half)
www.woodliketoplay.co.uk
01785 813 014 / 07872 619 152
Unique handmade children’s jigsaw puzzles crafted from wood, for fun and education.

53 Jokannes Trading
Patrick.brockman@btinternet.com
01252 820 224 / 07876 243 286
Handcrafted picture frames, mirrors, candles and tables lamps made primarily from recycled wood and slate.

54 Fairy Tale
sipekibalazs@yahoo.com
Stores.ebay.co.uk/bouncypuppets
Handmade wooden ouncy puppets, unique ceramic incense burners, spotty mugs and much more, for all ages.

55 The Contemporary Home
www.TCH.NET
hello@tch.net
A distinctive and delightful range of Christmas decorations. From Handmade glass baubles to knitted Christmas stockings and much more.

56 Alexander Interiors (1st half)
www.alexanderinteriors.co.uk
02081 449 976
An innovative range of handmade wooden candle boxes and glass candle holders decorated in faux flowers.

56 Hogben Potter (2nd half)
www.janehogbenterracotta.co.uk
01753 882 364 / 07795 542 113
Individually handmade unique pottery and sculptures for home and garden.

57 Charity Chalet
Please see below exhibitor list for information.

58 Soizic Pancake
Francoise.marbach@yahoo.com
0033 626 917 367
Traditional delicious French crepes and savoury pancakes with a range of fillings and toppings.

59 The French Comte
www.thefrenchcomte.co.uk
07768 032 545
Traditional hot French artisan dishes of fricassee, croque monsieur and raclette.

60 Kouler Kusse
www.wearepineapple.co.uk
01483 800 846 / 07812 453 688
The German Kouler Kusse chocolate cake with wafer base and a fluffy creamy centre, available in 37 flavours!

61 Godminster (1st half)
www.godminster.com
01749 813 733
Award-winning and iconic burgundy-waxed vintage organic cheddar and other delicious gift packs, perfect for Christmas presents and cheese boards.

61 Neal’s Yard Dairy (2nd half)
www.nealsyarddairy.co.uk
02075 007 520
Farmhouse cheeses from across the British Isles.

62 The Wiltshire Chilli Farm
www.justchillies.co.uk
01225 790 733 / 07799 627 974
A range of homemade chilli jams, sauces, chocolates and spice mixes.

63 The French Comte
www.thefrenchcomte.co.uk
07768 032 545
A rich selection of cured meats, cheeses and wines imported from France.

64 La Maison Des Saucissons
Philippep888@gmail.com
0033 6227 43984
Traditional French saucissons, pates and French mulled wine by glass or by syrup from original recipe.

65 The Cherry Tree
www.cherrytreepreserves.co.uk
02381 222 842 / 07545 872 632
A family run business producing high quality pickles, chutneys and preserves, all hand cooked in small batches.

66 Riverford Organic Farmers
www.riverford.co.uk
01803 763 257 / 07867 456 816
Award-winning organic vegetables boxes perfect for Christmas and delivered to your door for free.

70 The Gourmet Grilled Cheese Company
www.gourmetgrilledcheese.co.uk
07543 768 139
Delicious grilled cheese sandwiches filled with award-winning British Cheeses, including a local favourite Lyburn Gold.

71 The Original Edinburgh Mead Company Limited
moraymcandrew@gmail.com
01315 567 722 / 07817 352 867
Tasty seasonal drinks to keep warm, including mulled mead, hot cider and hot buttered cranberry punch.

72 Chi-Africa
www.chiafrica.com
01243 783 442
Individually handcrafted recycled metal wildlife sculptures from artists in Zimbabwe.

73 Pure Spain
www.purespain.co.uk
01305 458 166 / 07860 133 465
An extensive range of Spanish gourmet food products, cookware, earthenware and hamper sets.

74 Forager Spirit
www.foragerspirit.com
01300 642 042 / 07859 912 181
A variety of handcrafted infused spirits and liqueurs, presented in 20 and 50cl beautiful glass bottles.

75 Welsh Slate Gifts
www.welsh-slate.com
07557 916 207
A selection of family made slate tables mats, coasters, candle holders and made to order house signs.

76 Downton Brewery (1st half)
www.downtonbrewery.com
01725 513 313 / 07816 403 339
A wide range of award-winning artisan ales crafted locally in Wiltshire.

76 Drinks in Tube (2nd half)
www.drinksintube.co.uk
01794 329 509 / 07515 998 257
Smart gifts sets of high-quality wines and spirits arranged in glass tubes with presentation boxes.

77 The Great British Bee Co
www.greatbritishbeeco.com
hello@greatbritishbeeco.com
Raw British honey presents, pure handcrafted beeswax candles and natural artisan handcare products.

 78 The Big Mango
www.thebigmango.co.uk
020 7093 2424
Handmade oriental tableware ranging from chopsticks, noodle bowls, sushi plates, bamboo placemats, coaster, teapots, sake sets and scented flower candles.

79 Millstone
www.millstonemills.com
01285 821 297 / 07950 302 200
Handmade salt and pepper grinders crafted into wooden chess pieces and beech wood column candlesticks.

80 Morrison & Mackay Whisky Ltd (first half)
www.mandmwhisky.co.uk
01738 787 004
Rare and limited edition Single Malt Scotch Whiskies, Scotch Whisky Liqueurs and Perthshire Fruit Liqueurs.

80 Pierdth Ltd (2nd half)
www.pieroth.co.uk
01582 456 265
Vouchers for a prestige wine tasting service in the comfort of your own home.

81 Flint and Flame
www.flintandflame.co.uk
01403 740 230
Finest quality kitchen knives, blocks, chopping boards and sharpeners.

82 Findefushs
www.artisticpolishpottery.co.uk
07914 343 435
Handmade and decorated polish pottery all are oven, microwave, dishwasher, and freezer safe.

83 Coasting
coasting@outlook.com
07950 499 979
British made marble coaster ranging in a wide selection of designs and popular phrases.

84 Time for Design
www.heatproofstands.co.uk
07903 062 917
Ceramic heatproof stands with a built in air space and designed for dishes from oven to the table.

85 Atlas
www.atlaslondon.co.uk
020 8672 2254 / 07958 693 344
High-quality and French polished burr wood products including cufflink boxes, jewellery boxes and tableware.

86 Dream Blue Trading Company
www.dreamblue.co.uk
01225 334 998 / 07970 678 926
Handmade artisan Turkish treasures of colourful throws, cushions covers and sparkling ceramics and gifts.

87 The Nutcracker
jetred@hotmail.co.uk
07837 608 801
An intricate collection of traditional German handmade Christmas decorations and unique selection of handcrafted ceramic houses.

88 Christmas Dreams
Christmasdreams@hotmail.co.uk
07858 986 367
Beautifully German handmade Christmas dream lights and snow globes.

89 Jo Downs Handmade Glass
www.jodowns.com
01566 779 779
High quality fused glass vases, centrepiece bowls, mirrors and framed art inspired by the Cornish landscape.

90 Phoenix Trading (1st half)
www.sarahlovescards.co.uk
01202 823 330 / 07712 779 616
Fine collection of charity Christmas cards, advent calendars, wrapping paper, ribbons, paper decorations and gifts.

90 Tregear Pottery (2nd half)
www.tregearpottery.co.uk
01983 731 523 / 07985 998 825
Beautifully handmade ceramic tiles, mugs and vases inspired by the coast of the Isle of Wight.

91 Mad Lou Publishing LTD
www.madloupublishing.co.uk
01730 268 697 / 07989 896 354
Original prints, greeting cards, wooden jigsaws, fine bone china and placemats by Louise Braithwaite.

92 Fairygoodies (1st half)
www.fairygoodies.co.uk
01225 812 101 / 07989 520 512
Fairy figurines all ethically produced, hand painted and decorated for Christmas trees or home decorations.

92 Sue Entwistle Art (2nd half)
www.susanentwistle.com
01159 375 705 / 07802 878 756
Original acrylic paintings, prints, Christmas and greetings cards, ceramics, fine bone china and silk scarves.

93 Wood Like to Play (1st half)
www.woodliketoplay.co.uk
01785 813 014 / 07872 619 152
Unique handmade children’s jigsaw puzzles crafted from wood, for fun and education.

93 Gemani Games and Puzzles (2nd half)
www.gemanigames.com
02392 525 602 / 07979 787 770
The UK’s largest range of traditional, handmade, wooden games and puzzles, suitable for adults and children aged 6 years and up.

94 Cranborne Wooden Toys
www.cranbornewoodentoys.co.uk
01953 885 443 / 07725 761 970
Imaginative children’s wooden toys including, wooden swords, bow and arrows, walking animals, instruments and jewellery.

95 Rustic Rudolph
erniebigeee@yahoo.co.uk
07770 997 695
Handmade Christmas characters, with Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer, snowmen and wooden log Father Christmas.

96 The Potting Shed
www.pottingshedonline.co.uk
07944 968 726
Unique range of Christmas decorations to include hand-decorated fresh pine door wreaths, artificial wreaths and garlands. .

97 Friars Fudge and Georgie Porgies Pudding
shop@winchester-cathedral.org.uk
01962 857 253
Delicious fudge and Christmas pudding from The Winchester Cathedral.

98 The Christmas Tree
shop@winchester-cathedral.org.uk
01962 857 253
Lovely Christmas decorations from The Winchester Cathedral.

99 Rubis Chocolate Wine
http://www.rubiswine.com
01628 851 444
A blend of red wine and chocolate & VGallery vodka, a collection of fun flavours (marshmallow, toffee fudge, mango and cucumber.)

100 Glenalmond Tweed Company
www.glenalmond.com
01738 880 322
Lavish collection of tweed clothes, hats, caps, accessories, waterproof bags and luggage.

101 Heyland & Whittle
www.heylandandwhittle.co.uk
01293 525 825
Quality soap and home fragrance manufacturer based in England. Creating outstanding natural products with tradition, style and authenticity.

102 Wappa
charliecrossley@yahoo.co.uk
07807 526 999
Original paper star lanterns, scarves, fairy lights, star lampshades and popular door knobs.

103 Honey Enchantments
www.meska.hu
07442 400 517
Traditional handmade Hungarian honey bread, each piece hand decorated by Hungarian bakers and artisans.

104 Curry Sauce Co
www.currysauce.com
07970 933 171
Delicious Indian Malaysian and Thai curry sauce, enriched with authenticity for all curry lovers.

105 Dimkin’s Patisserie (1st)
www.dimkin.co.uk
01242 681 326
Handmade and tasty French macaroons in a variety of different flavours.

105 Pure Imagination Chocolate and Liquors (2nd)
www.imaginationchocolates.com
07970 933 171
High quality Belgium chocolates created with Christmas in mind and innovative designs.

106 P&G Hats
www.pandghats.co.uk
01962 734 786
A wide selection of beautiful hats from around the world, for both him and her.

107 Clinton Banbury Illustration
www.clintonbanbury.com
01789 773 526
Original watercolour paintings, fine art quality prints, greeting cards and children’s scribble down transfers plus a special Winchester print.

108 Pat de Chat
Wendycollins62@yahoo.co.uk
07964 540 908
Hand knitted New Zealand wool hats, gloves and wristees made with extra fleece lining for comfort.

109 Tom Critchley
Tncrit@AOL.com
07785 995 349
Handcrafted antique bird feeders, wind spinners and plants support’s perfect for the garden and home.

C1 The Salt House
www.wearepineapple.co.uk
01483 800 846
Hot salt beef bagels with a variety of tasty toppings and beverages.

 

CHARITY CHALET

Fri 18 Nov – The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds 

Sat 19 Nov – Friends of the Royal Hampshire County Hospital 

Sun 20 Nov – Marie Curie 

Mon 21 Nov – Cats Protection Winchester & District Branch 

Tue 22 Nov – Brain Tumor Research 

Wed 23 Nov – Hearing Dogs for Deaf People 

Thur 24 Nov – Winchester and District Local RSPB Group

Fri 25 Nov – The Rainbow Centre 

Sat 26 Nov – Winchester Churches Night 

Sun 27 Nov – Motor Neurone Disease Association 

Mon 28 Nov – Macmillan 

Tue 29 – Wed 30 Nov – Children’s Society Winchester – Deanery Committee 

Thur 1 Dec – Fri 2 Dec – The Stroke Association South Central 

Sat 3 Dec – The Joe Glover Trust, Children’s Cancer Charity

Sun 4 Dec – Wells for India 

Mon 5 Dec – Tues 6 Dec – Thrive 

Wed 7 Dec – Wessex Heartbeat 

Thurs 8 Dec – League of Friends of the Southampton Eye Unit  

Fri 9 Dec – Jubilee Sailing Trust 

Sat 10 Dec – Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI)

Sun 11 Dec – Hospital of St Cross and Almhouse of Noble Poverty 

Mon 12  – Tues 13 Dec – Breakthrough Breast Cancer

Wed 14 Dec – Thurs 15 Dec – Trinity Winchester 

Fri 16 Dec – My Trusty – Salisbury NHS Foundation Trust 

Sat 17 Dec –  Street Dog Watch Association 

Sun 18 Dec – Prostate Cancer Support Organisation 

Mon 20 Dec – Tue 20 Dec – The Stroke Association South Central